I was wondering what perspective of a designer is intended to be the reader in this paper.  It seemed to me to be Industrial Designers.  I’m not really clear how this relates to the current terms of Interaction Designers and [User] Experience designers.

From a little bit of research, it looks like this was taken from “Designerly Ways of Knowing” by Nigel Cross in 2007.  Perhaps IxD (Interaction Design) and UX (User Experience [Design]) were less prevalent terms at this time?  It just seemed like there was a big emphasis on studies involving Engineers and Industrial Designers.  No mention was really made about UX or IxD.