I encountered the question about author’s intention again when I was reading Carroll’s writing about classification:

I think that this error is quite common. The movie reviewer who complains that an adventure film is poor because it is not as great as Renoir’s Rules of the Game or the Broadway critic who derides a musical because it is not quite Parsifal has perpetrated an error of classification. It’s not just snobbery. It’s a category mistake.

If it these cases are truly category mistake, then how should critics categorize a piece of work? If a musician tends to write something classical, but his work is so poorly done that it sounds like Jazz instead, should critics, when evaluating his work, consider the musician’s intention into categorization process? If not, then the critics might evaluate this piece under the category of Jazz, and, is this fair for the musician, who tends to create a classical piece instead?

Carroll states later in the section that if the work has been placed under a wrong category, the critics should be able to discover this fault when describing the work according to the features of the predefined category, because certain features in the work will reveal its true category to the critics. However, is this always the case? I guess I have come back to the author’s intention again.